A STUDY IN ACTS CHAPTER 10
Before we dig into God’s Word in Acts 10, let be back up to a Bible verse that most believers are familiar with in Acts, Chapter One:
We all have acceptable agendas to maintain.
Some agendas are open for others to see, and some are hidden. They list what we want, why we want it, with whom and under what prenoted conditions. They become necessary in helping us focus on our goals and more steadily and effectively toward them. There’s nothing more crucial for individual Christians and congregations, asking “What is the Lord’s agenda?”
The early Church,
The members of the early Church were having a difficult time of getting on board with the Lord’s agenda. He made it very clear prior to Pentecost and the birth of the Church what it was!
“You shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria,
and the end of the earth.”
But the Church was reluctant to accept this agenda.
The prejudicial belief of the gospel was for the exclusive redemption of the Hebrew people. They believed the Church’s agenda was limited to the conversion of Jews in Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria and the ends of the earth, Their priorities were that salvation was through, from, and for the Jews.
Simon Peter is brought into the picture (Acts 10:9-16)
Wow! It’s a weird story, isn’t it?
Peter’s up on the roof of Simon the tanner’s house in the middle of the day with intentions to pray and then gets hungry asking the cook to prepare lunch. And while he’s waiting, he falls into a trance.
Maybe it was the heat of the day that got to him. But he’s in this trance and has a vision. A sheet or perhaps it’s a sailcloth being lowered to the ground by its corners. All sorts of animals, reptiles, and birds are seen.
Then the strangest part of the vision happens. Someone speaks and a voice says, “Get up Peter, kill and eat!” Peter would have been used to killing fish, cutting them open to clean them, he was a fisherman by trade. So it isn’t the idea of killing these animals that surprises him. Rather, it’s the kinds of animals they are. Animals declared unclean by OT Law (Leviticus 11 & Deuteronomy 14), are now okay to be eaten.
Naturally, Peter objects. He’s a good Jew. He wouldn’t eat anything unclean. That would make him ritually impure, not to mention disobedient to God!
And there’s even a bigger surprise!
Peter is told that God has made these things clean. And then the whole process repeats 2 more times. Peter obviously needs time to process and accept what all this means.
The Lord was crossing Peter’s preconditioning and prejudices and the Apostle found it difficult to understand. The Lord wasn’t altering the valid food laws that had kept His children healthy over time. What the Lord had in mind wasn’t the foods Peter should now eat but the people he should accept and love!
Peter’s confusion was cleared up when there was a knock at the tanner’s gate.
Some men were there sent by a godly Centurion named Cornelius, asking Peter to come and tell their master the message he has for him. Cornelius was a Roman, a Gentile, but nevertheless a God-fearer. He too had seen a vision. In his case, it was of an angel telling him to send men to Joppa and find someone named Peter.
I don’t know about you, but I find that amazing. Here’s Cornelius sending for Peter, but he doesn’t know what Peter is going to say or do. Peter has this strange vision. And then Cornelius’ servants arrive with the message that they’ve been sent as a result of an angel appearing to Cornelius.
And suddenly it all becomes clear to Peter. He isn’t as slow of mind as it first appears, given that he had to be shown the vision three times. That’s what the vision was all about! The Holy Spirit makes it clear to him, telling him that he should go with these men. Now he realizes that this vision of the animals and birds were all about the prohibition on Jews mixing with Gentiles.
When he arrives at Cornelius’ house he explains it to Cornelius and his family: (vs. 28)
 “You are well aware that it is against our law for a Jew to associate with or visit a Gentile. But God has shown me that I should not call anyone impure or unclean.”
I think it’s really hard to grasp just how radical this behavior of Peter is. A Jew couldn’t associate with Gentiles, or even visit them, much less eat with them or stay with them as he ends up doing.
Now at last Peter understands God’s agenda.
In fact, that’s where he begins in his explanation of the gospel. What I thought was interesting here to take note…Peter didn’t arrive at Cornelius’ bursting into the household by preaching. He simply began the conversation with a question:  “May I ask why you sent for me?”
A sure sign that we are on the Lord’s agenda is our willingness to listen to people in order to communicate with a tender heart. Peter knew the why’s but he wanted to hear it from Cornelius himself.
We need to read on or else we may jump to wrong conclusions for acceptance.
There are many today who’d stop there and say, “There you are! It doesn’t matter what religion you are as long as you fear God.” But Peter goes on to explain what he means by “acceptance” and its meaning, as those people gathered at Cornelius’ house learning what’s acceptable to God. We need to be careful that we understand this as well.
There’s a certain exclusivity about the Gospel that’s difficult to accept.
It doesn’t come naturally to us in our “equality of all people” worldview. It can come across as arrogant or rude, or even patronizing to suggest that we know the answers and others don’t. But let’s take a close look to see what Peter says.
He begins with the historical facts about Jesus.
Cornelius most likely was familiar with those facts. The stories about Jesus would have spread far and wide by now. You couldn’t have lived in the region of Judea without hearing about the things Jesus did and said, let alone the things that people were saying about Him.
The first thing Peter reminds them of is that Jesus Christ was the One God had promised he’d send to bring us PEACE with God:
The second thing is that Jesus Christ is Lord of ALL! That’s how He can bring PEACE!!
And finally, here’s the climax to Peter’s message: Jesus “commanded us to preach to the people to testify that He is the one ordained by God as judge of the living and the dead.  All the prophets testify about Him that everyone who believes in Him receives forgiveness of sins through His name.”
Here’s the BAD NEWS/GOOD NEWS of the story.
There are two sides of the gospel coin. Jesus has been appointed the JUDGE of the living and the dead. That’s the bad news.
Everyone who has lived, living or will live is going to be judged by Jesus Christ whether or not they’re Christians. “The living and the dead” is an all-encompassing description. No one is exempt!
But here’s the good news: “Everyone who believes in Him receives forgiveness of sins through His name.”
The RESULT of Peter’s witness.
Even while Peter is speaking, God works a miracle in the hearts of his listeners and they are converted. Not before, not after, but ‘while’ he’s speaking.
But notice how this occurs.
“While Peter was still speaking, the Holy Spirit fell upon all who heard the word.”
The Holy Spirit doesn’t just come. He comes on them in response to them hearing the word of God with the message of the gospel. This is why we need to keep emphasizing the importance of sharing God’s Word with people–the MESSAGE of The Gospel truth because words matter!
The gospel message is the power of God for salvation. People need to hear it!
Christian behavior will commend the gospel but on its own, good behavior is just nice. To be effective our behavior as Christians need to be accompanied by an explanation of the reason for it. It needs to be accompanied by the WORDS of the Gospel!
Our Words don’t need to be clever.
It’s the Holy Spirit that does the converting, the filling, not our cleverness. Don’t think you can debate someone into the Kingdom. No, it’s the Holy Spirit that does the convincing. The newest, born-again believer down the street who knows little more than the grace of God, can share the gospel with someone. But nevertheless, it’s as they hear the words about Jesus that the Spirit is enabled to act.
In this instance (vs. 44-45), the Spirit fills them and straight away Peter baptizes them in the name of Jesus Christ as new members of the Christian Church. No membership classes needed and no church board approvals!
Two More things to notice from this passage of Scripture:
The first I noticed has to do with Cornelius. When you stop and think about it, he’s not all that different from the people we’ll come across every day. He wasn’t a Jew. He hadn’t grown up hearing about God or Jesus. He wasn’t one of the dominant religious groups in the area. In fact, he belonged to a group who were enemies of the Jews.
He belonged to a culture entirely pagan. Again, that makes him not much different to the people you and I know outside the Church. Yet having said that, realize his pagan mindset was a deep longing for salvation.
I believe most people we run across during the day have an awareness of a spiritual dimension to life.
Many are like Cornelius and aware of a lack in their lives, a need that’s longing to be filled; a need that could be filled if only someone would SHARE the good news about Jesus with them.
Don’t wait until you have a vision of a sheet filled with animals and reptiles and birds.
I want to encourage you to be ready for looking at and accepting the opportunities God has or will place in your life. Those opportunities can be found every day in the course of conversation. Perhaps to mention your faith to someone, or to mention your church community, or the love and care you experience, or the times when you’ve been helped through difficult situations by your Christian faith, by the presence of God, or whatever. There are so many different ways to do it. So be ready!
Finally, the second thing I noticed,,,
Although at first glance, Peter’s experience seems distant from ours, yet there are great similarities. We may not be quite as closed to the acceptance to others as Peter appeared to be, but nevertheless, we have just as much difficulty moving outside our comfort zone. We have just as much difficulty as he would have had in accepting change.
We can be sure that God will do His part.
The Holy Spirit is with us and will open people’s hearts if we ask Him to. And just like Peter and Cornelius, we might discover when we move outside our comfy existence, amazing things can and will happen!
Getting on the Lord’s Agenda, Chapter 11, page 137; DRUMBEAT of LOVE by Lloyd John Ogilvie.
Photo/Images: Google Image Search.
Bible Translations: New International Version (NIV); Amplified Bible (AMP); and as noted in images or text.