In this continued study, we’ll look at Micah’s second message as presented in Micah 3:1-5:15
JUDGMENT HAPPENS BEFORE REVIVAL
Just a brief review of Micah, the man.
- His name means, “Who is like Jehovah?”
- He was from Moresheth-Gath, 20-25 miles SW of Jerusalem.
- He was a contemporary of the prophet Isaiah.
MICAH the book…
- The prophecies that occurred in the book were around 735-700 B.C.
- The Prophecies were directed both to Israel and Judah.
- The general theme appears to be “present judgment, with the blessing that follows.
- The JUDGMENT pronounced by God through the Prophet upon Israel and Judah found in Micah 1:2-16; 2:1-13.
In Part Two of this series, we’ll look at Micah’s second message as presented in Micah 3:1-5:15. This second message has much more to say about the future hope, especially regarding the Messiah–Jesus Christ.
But it begins with God’s condemnation of Israel’s leaders (Micah 3:1-3)
The INDICTMENT of Civil Leaders:
- They HATE good and LOVE evil.
- They consume the people (i.e., ‘oppress them’).
The JUDGMENT to befall them in Micah 3:4:
 Then they will cry out to the LORD, but He will not answer them. At that time He will hide His face from them because of the evil they have done (NIV).
This was one example of God’s judgment against corrupt leaders. When they cried out for God’s help, the LORD would remain silent. One aspect of The Blessing (different from ‘a blessing’) promised by the priests of Israel was asked the LORD to make His face shine upon you (Numbers 6:25). Here, Micah promised the opposite of this Blessing–that God would even hide His face from them.
Israel’s Religious Leaders aren’t ignored either!
The judgment to come upon the false prophets (Micah 3:5-7) was to come because they lead God’s people off course and away from God’s Word. With no vision, they shall be made ashamed!
This action by our religious leaders of today; from the pulpits across the land spewing false doctrine will receive judgment as well.
Micah’s Own Ministry contrasted to that of the False Prophets of his day (Micah 3:8).
Micah finds himself full of the power of the Spirit, justice, and might and declaring the transgressions and sin of Israel. Without the empowerment, he just becomes another critical church member.
Micah gets specific in his indictment of Israel’s leaders and addresses once more the rulers of Israel, their sins being categorized (Micah 3:9-11).
- They abhor justice and pervert equity (fairness).
- They build up Jerusalem with bloodshed and iniquity.
Whether judges, priests, or prophets, they do what they do only for the money, ignoring their claim to trust in the LORD.
And because of their misguidance, judgment comes upon Israel because of them (Micah 3:12).
“Therefore shall Zion on your account be plowed like a field. Jerusalem shall become heaps [of ruins], and the mountain of the house [of the Lord] like a densely wooded height.” (AMP)
[This prophecy of Micah was fulfilled when Babylon destroyed Jerusalem in 586 B.C. (c.f., 2 Chronicles 36:17-21). But his message isn’t finished; as ominous as it was in proclaiming the coming judgment, Micah now continues with a glimpse into the future]
The Future of Zion and the Messianic Hope!
A GLIMPSE AT WHAT WILL HAPPEN “IN THE LAST DAYS”
- The “mountain of the Lord’s temple” is established and many people will want to be there. (Mic. 4:1-2)
- The people will want to learn God’s ways, the word of the Lord will go forth from Jerusalem. (Mic. 4:2)
- The LORD will judge nations and there will be peace. (Mic 4:3)
- Everyone will be content, walking in the name of the LORD forever! (Mic. 4:4-5)
Isaiah had a similar prophecy – (Isa. 2:1-4).
FULFILLMENT OF PROPHECY –
Prophecy is much like peeling an onion; it comes with many layers. In Micah’s prophecy, the fulfillment is layered.
Some believe it is all yet to come (e.g., premillennialists).
Some believe it is all past (e.g., some amillennialists).
Me personally? I believe there is past, present, and future elements.
It began in Jerusalem preaching the gospel on Pentecost. For Peter identifies the events of that day as beginning the fulfillment of what would occur in the “last days” [cf. Joel 2:28-32; Acts 2:16-17].
For Jesus said the gospel would go forth from Jerusalem as prophesied [Lk. 24:46-47; cf. Mic. 4:2; Isa. 2:3].
The “judging among many people” may be both in the present and in the future.
The book of Revelation reveals the Lord as judging the present and in the future – [cf. Re. 1:5; 2:26-27; 17:14; 20:11-15].
Peter viewed some of Isaiah’s prophecies as yet to be fulfilled – [ 2 Pe. 3:13; cf. Isa. 64:17-19; 66:22].
Therefore Micah 4:3-5 may find some of its fulfillment in the eternal destiny of the redeemed, part of the “New Jerusalem” of the “new heaven and new earth” as described in Revelation 21-22.
As Micah continues, he describes what will occur “in that day” – Mic. 4:6-8
The Lord will assemble a remnant of those He afflicted.
Romans 11:5 (AMP) – “So too at the present time there is a remnant (a small believing minority), selected (chosen) by grace (by God’s unmerited favor and graciousness).”
He will reign over them forever – [cf. Lk. 1:30-33].
The fulfillment of this prophecy, I understand, began with the first coming of Christ and that the church is a spiritual kingdom in which the “former dominion” of Israel has been restored and given to Jesus who reigns in heaven. [Cf. Mt. 28:18; Ac. 1:6-8; 2:30-36; Re. 1:5; 2:26-27; 3:21].
The Coming Messiah
In Micah 5:2 we find the prophecy of the Messiah’s birthplace [cf. Mt. 2:1-6] some 700 years before the birth of Jesus in a small village called Bethlehem.
The Messiah would be born in Bethlehem Ephrata–He would become the ruler of Israel [Cf. Isa. 9:6-7; Lk. 1:30-33].
His “goings forth have been from old, from everlasting” [Cf. John 1:1-3].
The Messiah will lead His people in peace [Micah 5:3-5 a.].
Though first, they (Israel) must be given up for a short time (Babylonian captivity). Then a remnant shall return when the Ruler shall feed them in the strength of the Lord.
Further Judgment On Israel and Her Enemies
Some take this section to be Messianic. I tend to take it as pertaining to Micah’s day and those who followed shortly after…
The Assyrian threat is proved to be no real threat for Judah – [Mic 5:5 b. -6; cf. Isa. 36-37].
When the remnant is scattered (as a result of Babylonian captivity), they shall be a lion among the flocks of sheep – [Mic. 5:7-9; (e.g., Daniel, Esther?).].
God would cut off her false strengths (such as horses and chariots), [Cf. Isa. 31:1] and her idolatry – Mic. 5:10-15.
With the recurrent theme of his messages (judgment now/future blessings), Micah’s purpose appears to be two-fold…to warn the people that they may repent as necessary…and to encourage the people that their HOPE for the future might help them to endure in the hard times to come.
A similar two-fold message is found in the New Testament as well…warnings to persevere lest we fall away – [Hebrews 4:1, 11]. Promises to encourage us for whatever lies ahead – [e.g., 2 Peter 3:13-14].
In Today’s World…
Today, we have an advantage over the Israelites of Micah’s day…we’ve already seen much of his prophecy fulfilled in the first coming of the Messiah.
As Peter wrote, “We also have the prophetic word made more sure” (2 Peter 1:9). Made surer by virtue of its fulfillment, it can serve to comfort us and strengthen our hope regarding any future promises of God – Cf. Rom. 15:4.
If God kept His promise concerning the first coming of His Son, we can have confidence He will keep His promise concerning His return!
By careful study and consideration of the prophets, both Old Testament and New Testament, our hope for the future is strengthened.
Revelation 22:20 (Contemporary English Version)
The one who has spoken these things says, “I am coming soon!” So, Lord Jesus, please come soon!
Bible Translations: Amplified Bible (AMP), or as noted in the text.
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The Bible Almanac by J.J. Packer, – Merrill C. Tenney – William White Jr. [Thomas Nelson Publishers]