A STUDY IN THE BOOK OF MICAH
Scripture: Micah 1:1-9; 1 Peter 4:17-18
Micah 1:1 (NIV)
 The word of the LORD that came to Micah of Moresheth during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah– the vision saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.
The word here translated as “came” speaks of the Word ‘happening’ to Micah. It was a ‘happening’–as unplanned and spontaneous. It was a revelation!
Has that ever happened to you? God speaks to you and a revelation occurs.
A PERSONAL ‘God-moment’ STORY:
Several years ago, the pastor at a church I was attending called me and asked if I could write a play, a skit, for the upcoming Easter season. I tried to explain to him that my experience in stage productions was acting in a limited fashion, but writing a play? His reply, “Do the best that you can,” and hung up the phone.
So for the next three days, I fervently prayed for direction and guidance from the Lord but my prayers seemed to go unanswered. Until one very early morning, around 3 A.M., I felt a hand on my shoulder. A clear, soft voice said, “Mel, wake up. I’ve heard your prayers.” Thinking I was dreaming, I rolled over to my other side. Again, the hand and the voice, “Get up and go into the dining room with paper and pen. I have heard your prayer.” Wiping the sleep from my eyes, I put my feet on the floor and quietly proceeded to the God designated room with paper and pen and sat down at the table in obedience. Was all this a dream, was this really happening? Time passed by quickly and at 6:30 A.M., “Mercy On Trial”, a three-act play on Christ’s death sentence, death, burial, and resurrection was written down in a draft. Also, a clear picture that I could sketch on paper for the set design, costumes, and props.
What was absent to my dismay was a script.! “What now, Lord?” asking out loud.
And then a thought was placed in my spirit. My daughter-in-law graduated from college with a major in communication and theater. Thank You, Lord.
I called her later that morning with my vision, God’s creation with directions and asked her if she could write God’s play with a script? Her answer: “How can I refuse? When do you need it?” ”
Would next week be too soon?” I asked sheepishly. She giggled and answered, “I’ll try.” One month later after casting, set building, costuming, “Mercy On Trial” was performed for the first time on Easter morning.
Not everyone thinks in tidy terms, nor in a form of Systematic Theology that’s suppose to bring the orderliness to the Bible. [*See https://www.theopedia.com/systematic-theology]
Micah not only had the Word of God “come” or “happen,” to him; it was the Word of God “which he saw.”
It’s not just that he heard God’s voice, but he was enabled to see into God’s mind.
The origin of the word describes the impact of pictorial thinking. What Micah has now experienced and visualized, he now must translate into words to convey God’s message to man.
Micah’s prophecies began during the reign of three successive kings of Judah.
So in seven short chapters, we can see a summary of some fifty years of ministry. I’d call that a ‘study in brevity’!
Micah’s prophecy concerned Samaria and Jerusalem, two capital cities in divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah. However, Micah isn’t limited to time and space. God’s Word never is.
The prophet goes on to address ALL people on the whole earth (verse 2).
 “Hear, you peoples, all of you, listen, earth and all who live in it, that the SOVEREIGN LORD may bear witness against you, the LORD from His holy temple.”
According to 1 Peter 4:17-18, Micah seems to say that if the LORD deals with His own people, what shall the end of those be who oppress them!
Who does God call as the witness against the peoples?
He calls Himself, even the LORD from His holy temple (Micah 1:2-3).
He comes out of His place in heaven, from His holy temple, and treads upon the earth–the towering places of the earth where idolatry is widespread.
What is Idolatry? Is it something that was just practiced in the Old Testament of the Bible?
“Idolatry” is “anything that is placed before or above the One, True God” [Footnote [i].]
Martin Luther is right; our hearts are idol factories, mine included.
At the time of Micah’s writing, the Assyrian armies were on the march. As the instruments of God’s judgment, the whole earth shook before them.
Samaria would surely fall, her idols would be beaten to pieces. The enemy reached even to the gates of Jerusalem, which the prophet vividly described to Judah’s high place.
The Reality of God’s Judgment.
God’s judgment on the world can be comparable to the verdict of a judge in a courtroom. God’s universal position entitles Him to act as JUDGE. And when God acts as JUDGE, it takes powerful and decisive actions (verse 4) –
Micah 1:4 (AMP): And the mountains shall melt under Him and the valleys shall be cleft like wax before the fire like waters poured down a steep place.
These images portray God who comes to judge His people at His command ALL the powers of the universe. From the beginning of Israel as a nation, God demanded absolute obedience to Him. He prohibited allegiance to idols (Exodus 20:3). Even in a casual reading of Samaria’s history, it discloses allegiance to idols.
Israel kept some idols of Canaan and they also utilized some of the idols of their foreign neighbors. The LORD wouldn’t tolerate rivals; He responded in judgment.
IDOLATRY IS NOT OUTDATED!
It doesn’t belong to the superstition of ancient people. Anything…and I mean anything that takes the place of God is an idol and the cause of God’s judgment of sin (verse 5).
 All this is because of the transgression of Jacob and the sins of the house of Israel. What is the transgression of Jacob? Is it not [the idol worship of] Samaria? And what are the high places [of idolatry] in Judah? Are they not Jerusalem? (AMP)
God’s people had committed sins against the LORD.
Micah didn’t name the specifics; he simply accused both Israel and Judah of offending God. They deliberately rebelled against the LORD and failed to live up to His expectations. Failing to attain God’s goal and plan for their lives made the people liable to the prosecuting action of the Judge.
God’s judgment isn’t simply an outburst of rage; one that we sometimes display as parents when our children are disobedient and rebellious. God’s judgment is a settled disposition that resolves the issue of rebellion. When we rebel and choose to go our own way, we can expect judgment from the LORD.
Learning from the Tragic Effects of Judgment (verses 6-7)
God’s judgment brings destruction
Micah referred to the destruction of the impressive city of Samaria in verse 6: “Therefore I will make Samaria a heap of rubble”
This impressive city, the reputation for its beauty and military strength, became nothing more than a hill. The city wall toppled. Future generations used the site to plant vineyards.
Human beings must beware of what they call security.
Feeling secure in wealth and military might lead to destruction. Armies can be bested and cities can be destroyed.
God’s JUDGMENT can bring disappointment
The Israelites gave their allegiance to the idols of the day, and the idols were destroyed by the Assyrians. They then had no place to turn. They were not only defenseless but bitterly disappointed in their so-called gods.
God’s great grief in His judgment (v.v. 8-9)
God discloses His aching in judgment in verse 8:
“Therefore I [Micah] will lament and wail; I will go stripped and [virtually] naked; I will make a wailing like the jackals and a lamentation like the ostriches.” [AMP]
God’s is portrayed by Micah as one distraught with grief by vivid pictures such as jackals howling and ostriches crying in the night to illustrate intense grief. Micah draws back the veil that allows us to see God’s great grief over sin.
God discloses His sadness over one person’s failure and to learn from another person’s mistake. (v. 9)
“For [Samaria’s] wounds are incurable and they come even to Judah; He [the Lord] has reached to the gate of my people, to Jerusalem.” [AMP]
Not only was God hurt over Samaria’s failure, but He was also sad that Judah failed to learn from their neighbor’s mistake.
JUDGMENT WAS ABOUT TO COME!
Jerusalem was to face the consequences of judgment in the same way as Samaria.
God’s people stand at a unique place and time in history. We possess the story of former generations. The lesson is obvious; we ought to learn from the errors of their ways.
CREDITS & FOOTNOTES
Footnote [i] : “What Does dolatry Mean?” by Jack Wellman, The Christian Crier.
IMAGES: Google Image Search, Settings advanced.
Youtube: Law & Order theme music from television.
Bible Translations: Amplified Bible (AMP); New International Version (NIV), or where noted.
Vine”s Complete Expository Dictionary Of Old And New Testament Words by W.E. Vine and Merrill F. Unger, William White, Jr.