William Lyons Phelps, an American author, critic and scholar writes,
“We are all so vain that we love to have our names remembered by those who have met us but once. We exaggerate the talents and virtues of those who can do this and we are ready to repay their power with lifelong devotion. The ability to associate in the mind names and faces is a tremendous asset to a politician and it will prolong the pastorate of any clergyman.”
BIBLE NAMES are significant because they indicate personal characteristics of LIFE.
The meaning of Zechariah’s name for instance is “the LORD has remembered.”
In past conversations with my wife over the years, we have mentioned, “Wouldn’t it have been great if we had named our three children AFTER their personalities had developed based on their CHARACTER rather than what sounded good at the time of birth?”
NAMES ARE IMPORTANT –
BUT none are more important than the names given to the Son of God. That is why the prophet said,
For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace (Isaiah 9:6 – NIV).
With the events leading up to, and including Resurrection Sunday (Easter), I wanted to look at some of the names and titles given to JESUS in the Old Testament and the New Testament.
He is our Day-Star (2 Peter 1:19 – NKJV):
 And so we have the prophetic word confirmed, which you do well to heed as a light that shines in a dark place until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts;
The MORNING STAR, or DayStar in the Greek comes from phos and phero (“phosphorus”); Strong reference #5459, light-bringing.
The meaning denotes the manifestation of Christ to the soul, imparting to the listener light and comfort when things look dark in life.
JESUS IS…“the Morning Star” (Revelation 2:28)–the “brilliant Morning Star” (Revelation 22:16);
“A star (Star) shall come forth out of Jacob” (Numbers 24:17). The wise men’s focus was from this verse in the Old Testament in searching for the Messiah–JESUS.
Jesus is characterized to the world as this “day-Star” or “morning star” that casts light to the darkened soul. We were once in this DARKNESS OF SIN…BUT the morning-Star has dawned in our hearts as believers.
The Sun of Righteousness –
Malachi 4:2 (AMP):
 But unto you who revere and worshipfully fear My name shall the Sun of Righteousness arise with healing in His wings and His beams, and you shall go forth and gambol like calves [released] from the stall and leap for joy.
JESUS is called the Sun of Righteousness…
His LIGHT opens our eyes in a sometimes dim view in what is right. And…His LIGHT brings healing into our lives spiritually and physically.
The LIGHT of the World –
 When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life” (John 8:12).
He is our Arbitrator (Job 9:33 NIV):
 If only there were someone to arbitrate between us, to lay his hand upon us both,
I love how the King James Version reads. It uses the term “Daysman” and after doing a little investigation, I found“Daysman” especially appropriate in describing the mediation of Jesus.
A “Daysman” was a mediator, or umpire, whose work was to settle disputes or grievances between two parties. But more than that, the “Daysman” had exclusive authority in when and where the matter was to be handled. This description reminded me of 2 Corinthians 6:2:
 For He says, “In the time of favor (of an assured welcome) I have listened to and heeded your call, and I have helped you on the day of deliverance (the day of salvation). Behold, now is truly the time for a gracious welcome and acceptance [of you from God]; behold, now is the day of salvation!” (Amplified Bible).
As the “Daysman” who alone can reconcile God to man, His day is today! No appointment necessary! No waiting for a court docket to be set!
Our Advocate (1 John 2:1-2 AMP):
 But if anyone should sin, we have an Advocate (One Who will intercede for us) with the Father–[it is] Jesus Christ…  And He [that same Jesus Himself] is the propitiation (the atoning sacrifice) for our sins, and not for ours alone but also for [the sins of] the whole world.
ADVOCATE – (Greek. parakletos, one who pleads another’s cause, who helps another in defending or comforting him.)
It is a name given by Jews three times to the Holy Spirit (John 14:16; 15:26; 16:7) where the Greek word is rendered “Comforter”). It is applied to JESUS in 1 John 2:1, where the same Greek word is rendered “Advocate”.
Jesus not only stands in the gap for us as an arbitrator…He also is an advocate for us in speaking to the Father pleading our case.
Our Reconciliation (Colossians 1:21-22 NLT):
 This includes you who are once far away from God. You were his enemies, separated from him by your evil thoughts and actions.  Yet now he has RECONCILED you to himself through the death of Christ in his physical body. As a result, he has brought you into his presence, and you are holy and blameless as you stand before him without a single fault.
BANK RECONCILIATION, most of us know: The analyses and adjustment of differences between the cash balance shown on a bank statement, and the account holder’s records.
My wife has been reconciling our bank statement now for over 50 years now. When the account doesn’t balance, and that seldom occurs, it is usually because of a mathematical mistake on our part and not the banks. But since we are both human, mistakes will happen, and it never seems to be a “deposit” error. Go figure!
When it comes to reconciling our spiritual account with God however, the “bank” is never wrong!
God’s Reconciliation is a change from enmity to friendship. It is mutual, i.e. , it is a change in relationship where both parties have been at enmity.
In verses 21-22, the word used there refers to a change in the character of the sinner who ceases to be an enemy to God and yields to Him with his fullest confidence, trust and love.
In 2 Corinthians 5:20, the apostle Paul appeals to the Corinthians to be “reconciled to God”.
Jesus stands in the gap as an ARBITRATOR…He is and ADVOCATE pleading our case…And He is our RECONCILIATION so we can be joined together in our relationship with God.
He is other things too!
Zechariah 6:12: Judah’s BRANCH
“Tell him this is what the LORD Almighty says: ‘Here is the man whose name is the Branch, and he will branch out from his place and build the temple of the Lord’ (NIV).
Jesus is the BRANCH of God and extends from the house of Judah and to all the peoples of the earth.
The BRANCH represents humility: “branching out from His place” – that the true Messiah will be a Jew reaching out to the peoples of the earth and not a foreigner reaching into assist the Jewish people.
The Gate–the DOOR (John 10:7-11):
The only way to enter the kingdom of God in the present or in eternity is through Door #! only–JESUS!
 “I am the Door; anyone who enters in through Me will be saved”
Also, all true earthly SHEPHERDS (pastors, teachers, etc.) must enter through the Gate–anyone who teaches what is contrary to Jesus’ teaching is a “crook or robber, who climbed over the wall” (verse 10)–and not a shepherd.
False teachers can be identified by their way of entry into the flock. Anyone, any “religion” who denies Jesus has not entered the kingdom of God:
- false shepherd
- false sheep
And the A.K.A. List goes on in the bible!
The Son of God, called IMMANUEL – God with us (Isaiah 7:14) –
“God with us,” what does that really mean to people today?
The Latin verb, INCARNATE means, “to make flesh.”
When we say that Jesus Christ is God, “incarnate,” we mean the Son of God took on a fleshly, bodily form (John 1:14). However, when this happened in the womb of Mary, Jesus’ earthly mother, He didn’t stop being deity.
Although Jesus is able to be both man and God at the same time, one of the great mysteries of Christianity, nevertheless a test of accepted orthodoxy (1 John 4:2; 2 John 1:7).
Jesus has TWO distinct natures…DIVINE and HUMAN (John 14:11).
When Jesus took on the form of a human, His nature did not change, but His position did!
Jesus in His original nature of God in spirit form, humbled Himself by laying aside His glory and privileges (Philippians 2:6-8).
God can never stop being God (Hebrews 13:8).
If Jesus stopped being fully God for even a split second, ALL LIFE would cease (see Acts 17:28).
He’s Our REDEEMER (Ephesians 1:7-8) –
He’s Our SACRIFICIAL LAMB (John 1:29) –
He’s Our AUTHORITY over the Enemy (Luke 10:19; Acts 16:18) –
Luke 10:19 – AMP. bible: Behold! I have given you AUTHORITY and POWER to trample upon serpents and scorpions, and [physical and mental strength and ability] over the power that the enemy [possesses]; and nothing shall in any way harm you.
The apostle Paul is confronted by a demonic spirit and in Acts 16:18 he demonstrates his given authority: “In the name of Jesus Christ I command you to come out of her!” Notice that the word used is not “ask” but “command”. That is the authority that Jesus’ name can bring.
If we are connected with Jesus…our relationship with Him gives us the AUTHORITY over Satan!
What I have presented in this study, is but a taste of the characteristics of JESUS as described in the Bible. Writers, Poets, Artists, Songwriters, and all Believers who have experienced the love of God, have always tried to express who Jesus is…all the names, titles and expressions in the world still fall short in describing the matchless CHARACTER of the man called JESUS.
He possesses the name above all names–which all human words fall short to describe Him!
Philippians 2:9-11 (AMP):
 Therefore [because He stooped so low] God has highly exalted Him and has freely bestowed on Him the name that is above every name.  That in (at) the name of Jesus every knee should (must) bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth.  And every tongue [frankly and openly] confess and acknowledge that Jesus Christ is LORD, to the glory of God the Father.
What an honor that we bear His name! – CHRISTIAN.
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